The 3 Types of Bipolar Disorder, Including Cyclothymia

by Glenn Maxwell

Cyclothymia is characterized by emotional ups and downs, but with less severe symptoms than bipolar I or II.

One can find three kinds of bipolar disorder, and even though each type includes a to some extent several collection of signs, all are observed as a fluctuations in state of mind, stamina, and activity thresholds, in accordance with the State Institute of Psychological Wellbeing (NIMH). (1) These feelings modifications comprise manic attacks – being amazingly “up,” elated, stressed out, or full of energy – and depressive episodes, sensing especially “down,”sad and indifferent, or hopeless. Hypomanic events, which might be a milder shape of manic attacks that never carry on for as long, may also develop.

The Several types of Bipolar Disorder

One can find about three different types of bipolar disorder:

Bipolar I Disorder

Bipolar I disorder features the following characteristics, according to the NIMH: (1)

Manic episodes lasting at least one week, or manic symptoms that are so severe you require immediate hospitalization

Depressive events that commonly appear on top of that, generally sustained at the least fourteen days

Depressive symptoms and manic discomforts that take place additionally (often)

Bipolar II Disorder

The full-scale manic episodes of bipolar I do not occur, although bipolar II disorder features a pattern of depressive episodes and hypomanic episodes, per the NIMH.

Cyclothymia (generally known as cyclothymic affliction)

With less severe symptoms than bipolar I or II, according to the American Psychiatric Association, although cyclothymia is a milder form of bipolar disorder featuring emotional downs and ups. (2)

Every the APA, cyclothymia is seen as an:

For at least two years, a great number of time periods of hypomanic symptoms and depressive discomforts manifest

Through the entire two-year or so timeframe, the atmosphere swings have lasted for not less than one half time while having rarely vanished away from you for over two months

With cyclothymia, “It may seem like you’re just browsing through a string of good hours including a string of lousy time,” says psychiatrist Kathleen Franco, MD, with the Cleveland Center Lerner University of Medical science in Cleveland. “But the mood changes keep going, and there’s little natural amount of time in somewhere between.”

Other Unspecified and Specified Bipolar and Affiliated Illnesses

When a professional has bipolar disorder indications that do not entirely meet the classifications listed above, they might be handed a diagnosing “other described and unspecified bipolar and relevant conditions.” (1)

This psychological overall health disorder may be neglected or mistaken for another health issues or situation.Learn

Cyclothymia vs .. Bpd: What’s the gap?

The lows and highs of cyclothymia are less less and extreme severe than those of bipolar disorder, but they can interfere with your ability to function and increase your risk of bipolar I or II disorder, according to the Mayo Clinic. (3) The levels feature symptoms of an greater state of mind (hypomanic signs or symptoms), and therefore the lows are characterized by slight or nominal indicators of depression symptoms.

In case you have cyclothymia, you are able to typically job on a daily schedule and handle day to day activities. However, mood shifts are unpredictable and may significantly disrupt your life.

For every the Mayo Practice, the highs of cyclothymia might include:

An increased sensation of enjoyment or efficiently-becoming (euphoria)

Drastic confidence

Higher confidence

Chatting above you always do

Awful opinion that can cause hazardous conduct or foolish solutions

Competition opinions

Moody or agitated tendencies

Extreme work out

Raised gain to accomplish or achieve ambitions (sex, function relevant, or sociable)

Cut down requirement of sleep

Truly being more readily distracted

Insufficient amount

The lows of cyclothymia might include:

Feelinghopeless and sady Alternatively, empty

Remaining tearful

Being easily annoyed, especially in young people and teenagers

Losing interest in activities you once enjoyed

Bodyweight fluctuations

Feeling pointless or guilty

Sleep disorders


Strain or perception slowed down decrease

Challenges concentrating

Feelings of deaths or suicide (suicidal opinions may perhaps come about with cyclothymia, but they are more prone to occur for people who have bipolar I or II issue)

Only a doctor can accurately distinguish between cyclothymia and other types of bipolar disorder. Alternatively, any other condition that may be causing your symptoms. (4) If you’re having thoughts of death or suicide, call 911 or seek emergency medical care. (3)

Take these quizzes to find out if your treatment plan is working – or if you need to make some adjustments.Learn More

Treatment methods and Prescription medication Types of Cyclothymia

For people with cyclothymia, you may necessitate cure through out your way of life, even all through the times when you find yourself beginning to feel nicely, every the Mayo Medical center. (4) The ambitions of treatment plan are to:

Reduce your risk of bipolar I or II disorder, because cyclothymia has a high risk of developing into bipolar disorder

Slow up the severity and frequency of your signs and symptoms

Prevent a relapse of difficulties

Heal alcohol in all forms or some other product use troubles, because they can worsen cyclothymia discomforts


Psychotherapy, also known as counseling or talk therapy, is an essential part of cyclothymia treatment, according to the Mayo Clinic. A variety of treatment method may just be encouraged, among them:

Intellectual behaviour treatment plan (CBT) CBT can help you find out any bad, destructive philosophy and actions you may perhaps have and replace them with balanced, great versions. Along with helping you to understand what’s causing your signs, it will also educate you on dealing talents and ways to organize stress and fatigue.

social and Interpersonal rhythm healing (IPSRT) IPSRT helps you control regular rhythms, for example sleeping, waking up, and mealtimes, for you to optimise and oversee your emotional state.


In order to control and prevent symptoms, while there are no medications that are specifically approved for cyclothymia, your doctor may prescribe medications that are used to treat bipolar disorder. Even during periods when you’re feeling well, it’s important to continue to take your medications, because if you stop, your symptoms are likely to come back.

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