Three Most Spoken Languages of India!

by Glenn Maxwell

Three Most Spoken Languages of India

India is the second-most populous country with a population of more than 1.38 billion. There are multiple languages that are spoken in India and these belong to different language families. 

The majority of these are Indo-Aryan languages which around 78.05 people speak and then there are Dravidian languages which are 19.64%. Both of these families are known as Indic languages. 

The remaining 2.31 % population belongs to Austroasiatic, Sino Tibetian, Tai- Kadai, and a few other minor language families.

India is 4th highest in terms of the number of Languages spoken 

India is one of the countries which has the world’s fourth-highest number of languages which is 447, after Nigeria (524), Indonesia (710), and Papua New Guinea (840).

Three of the most spoken of India are

  1. Hindi
  2. Marathi
  3. Tamil

1. Hindi

Hindi is an Indo-Aryan language and it is mainly spoken in the Hindi belt region which consists of northern, central, eastern, and western India. It is considered a standardized and Sanskritic register of the Hindustani language. Hindi language which is written in Devanagari script is an official language of the government of India with English.

 It is the official language of 9 states and 3 union territories and an additional official language in 3 more states. Hindi translation services are yet evident for the Indian masses who speak Hindi so that they know how their needs are addressed.

Hindi is mutually intelligible with the Urdu language. It has great demand and hence, for the best professional Hindi translation services the companies need to understand the language well enough. 

Therefore, they should always hire experienced translators to avoid inaccuracy. Hindi as a linguistic variety is interestingly the fourth most-spoken first language in the world after Mandarin, Spanish and English. Moreover, Hindi with Urdu as the Hindustani language is the third most spoken language in the world after Mandarin and English.

2. Tamil language

The Tamil language is a Dravidian language and it is spoken in Tamil Nadu, Puducherry, and a lot of parts of Sri Lanka. A lot of minorities in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Keralam Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Malaysia, Singapore, and Mauritius speak this language. It is the fifth most spoken language in India considering its 61 million speakers and it ranks at 20th number among the most spoken languages.

 It was the first language ever which was declared the classical language by the Government of India in 2004 and it is included in the 22 scheduled languages of India. Also, it is one of the longest surviving classical languages in the world. 

Two of the earliest manuscripts from India were acknowledged and registered by the UNESCO Memory of the world in 1997 and 2005 are in Tamil. Tamil is also getting popular among language vendors and people often target the masses to get the best Tamil translation services

Moreover, it is the official language of Tamil Nadu, Puducherry, Sri Lanka, and Singapore. Tamil also enjoys the status of a professional language in Canada, Mauritius, Malaysia, and South Africa. Hence, people there also go for professional Tamil translation services to get things done for the Tamil community.

3. Marathi language

Marathi is another popular language in India. It is an Indo-Aryan language. Marathi also enjoys the status of official language and co-official language in Maharashtra and Goa states of western India. 

As per the census of 2011, this language had 83 million speakers til then. It has the third-largest number of native speakers in India and also ranks 10th in the list of most spoken languages in the world. Some oldest literature of the Indo-Aryan languages is found in Marathi.

It has two major dialects which are

  • Standard Marathi
  • Varhadi dialect

Both dialects are important and significant for the best Marathi translation services. Translation agencies should also ensure they have native speakers who can deliver a quality translation.

The oldest stone inscriptions from the 8th century and literature dating from 1100 AD are preserved in the Marathi language.

A lot of other languages are also related to the Marathi language and have its influence.

These are

  • Khandeshi
  • Vadvali
  • Samavedi
  • Dangi

Marathi is one of the most popular languages in India and all over the world. Marathi speakers from all over the world and India celebrate World Marathi day on 27th February. Indian states of Maharashtra and Goa celebrate this day more enthusiastically.

 Professional Marathi translation services are also quite common in India and Indian translation agencies. However, many international translation vendors also work for this language and have native speakers to address the right language needs of the Marathi people.

 It is also an official language of Maharashtra and co-official in the union territories of Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli. However, for Goa the sole official language is Konkani and Marathi is also used for all the official purposes.

Final words

Hindi, Tamil, and Marathi are significant languages of India and are spoken by millions. All three of these are also getting popular for translation services. The ancient manuscript was included by UNESCO back in 1995 and was in the Tamil language and it is also considered a long-lasting classical language of the world. 

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